The species name “biceae” is based on “Bice”, the nickname of paleontologist Alan Tennyson’s mother Beatrice. What makes the fossil really cool is is the combination of ancient age and giant size.Top row: The broken humerus (main flipper bone) of Kumimanu compared to that of Pachydyptes (another extinct giant penguin) and Aptenodytes (emperor penguin). We already knew that penguins appeared very soon after the extinction of the dinosaurs, as the oldest penguin fossils are about 62 million years old.
Since then, geologists have made many tens of thousands of radiometric age determinations, and they have refined the earlier estimates.
Results from different techniques, often measured in rival labs, continually confirm each other.
Every few years, new geologic time scales are published, providing the latest dates for major time lines.
Fossils document the order of appearance of groups and they tell us about some of the amazing plants and animals that died out long ago.
Fossils can also show us how major crises, such as mass extinctions, happened, and how life recovered after them.Older dates may change by a few million years up and down, but younger dates are stable.